Author: Anant Patel

Lotus Export offers shade net, insect net, Tobacco Suckericide, Banana Suckericide, Sucker Control, Fungicide, Nematicide, Fulvic Acid, Humic Acid, Amino Acid, Seaweed, Cocopeat, Potassium Humate, Chelated Micronutrients, Brossinolides, Natca, Gibbrellic, Neem Oil, Neem Cake, Neem Pellets, Neem Powder, Azadirachtin, n acetyl thiazolidine 4 carboxylic acid, IAA, IBA
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Lotus Export offers calcium sulphate, gypsum, cas04, Tobacco Suckericide, Banana Suckericide, Sucker Control, Fungicide, Neamaticide, Fulvic Acid, Humic Acid, Amino Acid, Seaweed, Cocopeat, Potassium Humate, Chelated Micronutrients, Brossinolides, Natca, Gibbrellic, Neem Oil, Neem Cake, Neem Pellets, Neem Powder, Azadirachtin, Plastic Masterbatches, n acetyl thiazolidine 4 carboxylic acid, IAA, IBA

The Benefits of Calcium Sulphate Use in Soil & Agriculture   A good soil environment is vital for the growth and health of plants Tight and compacted soils may limit plant growth and cause disease problems.

Source: Lotus Export offers calcium sulphate, gypsum, cas04, Tobacco Suckericide, Banana Suckericide, Sucker Control, Fungicide, Neamaticide, Fulvic Acid, Humic Acid, Amino Acid, Seaweed, Cocopeat, Potassium Humate, Chelated Micronutrients, Brossinolides, Natca, Gibbrellic, Neem Oil, Neem Cake, Neem Pellets, Neem Powder, Azadirachtin, Plastic Masterbatches, n acetyl thiazolidine 4 carboxylic acid, IAA, IBA

Welcome to Lotus Export

Lotus Export offers Fertilisers, Tobacco Suckericides, Banana Suckericide, Tobacco Sucker Control, Organic Fertilizers, Humic Acid, Amino Acid, Potassium Humate, Chelated Micronutrients, Brossinolides, Natca, Gibbrellic, Neem Oil, Neem Cake, Neem Pellets, Neem Powder, Azadirachtin, Chemicals, Plastic Masterbatches.

Source: Welcome to Lotus Export

Azadirachtin Technical Powder

 

lotus_export=azadirachtin-technical-powder

Azadirachtin Technical Powder
Azadirachtin EC 0.03 %        (Oil Based)
Azadirachtin EC 0.03 %        (Solvent Based)
Azadirachtin EC 0.15 %        (Oil Based)
Azadirachtin EC 0.15%         (Solvent Based)
Azadirachtin EC 0.3%
Azadirachtin EC 1.0%
Azadirachtin EC 3.0%
Azadirachtin EC 5.0%

Azadirachtin Natural 0-2250 ppm in Neem Oil, Azadirachtin Technical (10 – 44.5 %), Azadirachtin formulations from 300-50000 ppm, Azadirachtin Uses, Azadirachtin Mode of Action, Azadirachtin Chemistry, for Researchers, Universities & Companies Azadirachtin in Neem Oil (50-2250 ppm), in Extracts: Powder (7 % to 41.77 %) & Formulations (300 to 50000 ppm)

AZADIRACHTIN

Modern science has isolated & identified AZADIRACHTIN as the chief ingredient in neem seed responsible for the Action on the pests.

    • Empirical formula :C 35 H 44 O 16
    • Molecular weight :720
    • Chemical family :Tetranortriterpenoids

AZADIRACHTIN ACTS IN THE FOLLOWING WAY:

    • -Disturbing or inhibiting the development of the eggs,
    • larvae, or pupae.
    • Blocking the molting of larvae or nymphs.
    • Disturbing mating and sexual communication.
    • Repelling larvae and adults.
    • Deterring females from laying eggs.
    • Sterilising adults
    • Deterring feeding

SOURCES:

AZADIRACHTIN is Naturally found in neem seed Kernel. Depending on the method of extraction and the choice of the Neem Fruits / Seeds /

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Seaweed powder

lotus export=seaweed

ASCOPHYLLUM NODUSUM

SEAWEED EXTRACT POWDER

(100% Organic & Soluble)

The extracts of selected fresh seaweed (algae), Ascophyllum nodosum, which are natural, non-toxic, harmless and non-polluting, and rich in minor elements and natural growth hormones. It is a designated fertilizer for organic and non-polluting farming. Effect It is suitable for all crops and applications including field crops, potting soil, vegetable and flower gardens, orchards and turf grass. Promotes balanced growth of crops, boosts the capacity of immunity and resistance, improves crop quality and increase yield.

    • Greater nutritional value: Rapidly complement the nutrients, im­prove the quality of product.
    • Better root systems: Promoting the development of roots
    • Healthier foliage and fruit appearance: Thicken, enlarge and balance the leaf growth, supply well-balanced crop nutrients, stimulating cell division, improve the fruit set, improve blossom and fruit set.
    • Greater resistance to disease and pests: Containing antitoxins to fend off bacteria and viruses, and to repel insects. Helps plants to endure environmental stress
    • Improved seed germination: Promoting the development of shoots.
    • Natural soil conditioner: balance the fecundity of soil andrestore the soil conditions.
    • As formulation: seaweed extract can be used not only on crops, but also to formulate types of fertilizers. A little addition of seaweed extract on common fertilizer will height the quality greatly.

Technique: Our product be done base on biological & chemical processed and be extracted by Fermentation Process.

Application of Seaweed Extract Powder After being dissolved in neutral water by stirring. Seaweed extract can be applied for foliage spray and with irrigation water. It suits to irrigation system. After being diluted, it may be applied by mixing with farm chemicals, but please note that you can’t add acidic matter,the matter including bivalent metal ion and over bivalent, because these matters will react with our product.

Used of methods Irrigation, dosage: 10-15kgs/hectare total one farming season (or root irrigation rate is 1:1200-1500), and we recommend to apply 3-4 times every farming season according to the farm season. Root Irrigation methods include spray irrigation, drip irrigation, and flow irrigation.

Seed-soaking It also can be used to soak crop seed be­fore planting, suitable for the pre-germination of seeds, dilution rate is 1:2000-4000. And the time of soak is determined according to the thickness of seed skin. In general, it should be soaked 5-8h. It can reduce the mortality rate, using it for several minutes before transplanting shrubs, plants or trees.

Mixing Compatibility Soluble seaweed extract powder/flake is compatiblewith most, but not all, pesticides, growth regulators and micronutrients with regards to physical tank mixing and biologi­cal effects on the crop. However, we cannot accept any liability for any loss or damage as not all pesticides have been tested and because the efficacy of any mix will depend on, among other factors, the pesticide concerned, crop conditions, growth stage, weather, and volumes of water used.

Benzyl Adenine 6BA

6-benzyl-adenine

N-6-Benzyl Adenine Tech Powder

We manufacture and supply a varied range of N-6-Benzyl Adenine Tech. Our range is valued for high quality and great performance.It is a colorless liquid and insoluble in water. We offer purest and chemically strong bromide.

We are engaged in offering N-6-Benzyl Adenine Tech Powder (Purity 99). This belongs to Cytokinin group plant growth regulator. It is applied to augment size and weight of berries and Grapes. Further it boosts sugar content in grapes and berries. It also augments early harvest and cell division process of Grapes, Vegetables, Citrus, Berries and other fruits. Thus increases size, sugar and weight in crops, vegetables & fruits

Dosage :  1 gm in 100 Liters of water

Packing Available : 1 Kg.,  5 Kgs,  & 25 Kgs.

Gibbrellic Acid

Gibbrellic Acid GA3 manufacturers & exporters – Lotus Export

gibbrellic_acid_ga3

Gibberellic Acid  GA3

Gibberellic acid is actually a group of related substances called gibberellins discovered as a metabolic byproduct of the fungus Gibberella fujikuroi, which causes the stems of growing plants or crops to elongate rapidly.

Gibberellic acid (GA3) is a very potent hormone whose natural occurrence in plants controls their development. Since GA3 regulates growth, applications of very low concentrations can have a profound effect. Timing is critical: too much GA3 may have an opposite effect from that desired; too little may require the plant to be repeatedly treated to sustain desired levels of GA3.

Benefits of Gibberellic Acid

  1. Overcoming dormancy. Treatment with high concentrations of GA3 is effective in overcoming dormancy and causing rapid germination of seed. Concentrations of about 2 ppm can cause tubers to sprout earlier.
  2. Premature flowering. If a plant is sufficiently developed, premature flowering may be induced by direct application of GA3 to young plants. This action is not sustained and treatment may have to be repeated. Formation of male flowers is generally promoted by concentrations of 10 to 200 ppm., female flowers by concentrations of 200 to 300 ppm. Concentrations of more than 600 ppm markedly suppresses initiation of both male and female flowers.
  3. Increased fruit set. When there is difficulty with fruit set because of incomplete pollination, GA3 may be effectively used to increase fruit set. The resulting fruit maybe partially or entirely seedless. GA3 has increased the total yield in greenhouse tomato crops both as a result of increased fruit set and more rapid growth of the fruit.
  4. Pollination within self-incompatible clones and between closely related species may sometimes be forced by the application of GA3 and cytokinin to the blooms at the time of hand pollination.
  5. Increased growth. GA3 applied near the terminal bud of trees may increase the rate of growth by stimulating more or less constant growth during the season. In a field experiment, the GA3 was applied as a 1% paste in a band around the terminal bud of trees. Treatment was repeated three times during the summer. Walnut tee growth was 8.5 ft. for treated trees, 1.5 ft. for untreated trees.
  6. Frost protection. Spraying fruit trees at full-blossom or when the blossoms begin to wither can offset the detrimental effects of frost.
  7. Root formation. GA3 inhibits the formation of roots in cuttings.

 

Tobacco Sucker

suckericides_tobacco

suckericide

We at Lotus Export manufacturer, export & supply tobacco suckericide, suckericide, suckericides, tobacco sucker control, tobacco sucker & tobacco leaf weight and quality enhancer

AXE-11 liquid de-suckering agent is a contact type suckericide made from natural fattly

alcohols to control suckers in tobacco crops. Application of AXE-11 liquid suckericide

improves quality and quantity of tobacco crop. On application of AXE-11 liquid suckericide

labour cost is decreased and yield of tobacco increases by 25% – 35%.

AXE-11 will not leave any residues on the crop.
Note :
Topping stage is of importance for yield production in tobacco to improve plant growth, leaf size development, improved quantity and quality. Moreover, application of AXE – 11 suckericide in early button stage can control suckers better than flowering stage.

How to apply :

1 litre AXE-11 liquid de-suckering agent should be mixed with 20 litres water (1:20) Mix

thoroughly to form uniform mixture.

Apply the solution using an applicator after topping from top to bottom in clear weather

between 10.00am to 4.00pm

AXE-11 liquid de-suckering agent shall be applied on requirement.

Packing Available in 2.5 litre HDPE jerry can

sucker

suckericide_tobacco

Suckericide
Lotus Export offers Tobacco Suckericide, Banana Suckericide, Sucker Control, Fungicide, Neamaticide, Fulvic Acid, Humic Acid, Amino Acid, Seaweed, Cocopeat, Potassium Humate, Chelated Micronutrients, Brossinolides, Natca, Gibbrellic, Neem Oil, Neem Cake, Neem Pellets, Neem Powder, Azadirachtin, Plastic Masterbatches, n acetyl thiazolidine 4 carboxylic acid, IAA, IBA

Banana Sucker control

banana-suckericide

Banana Suckericide, Side Shoots remover, Sucker Controller

banana-farm-lotusexport

MUSA-8 de-suckering agent offered by us is an exclusive range of Banana Suckericide. Our range has contact type suckericide, which is made from natural fatty alcohols to eliminate suckers arising from the base of banana plants. Application of MUSA-8 suckericide eliminates banana base suckers within 5-10 days and improves quality and quantity of banana fruit.

 

On application of MUSA-8 suckericide labour cost is decreased and development of banana increases gradually. Yield of banana fruit increases by 25% – 35%

How to Apply

Keeping too many sucking plants will reduce yields. It is advisable to remove all suckers once the desired followers have been selected.
Firstly cut the unwanted suckers / side shoots near the mother plant 4” above the field level horizontally. After 30 minutes pierce the central part of the sucker with a knife and remove it gently to hold just 2 drops of MUSA-8 suckericide at the top. The treated suckers turns into brown/black in colour and in a few days suckers will be no more in existence.
 

Packing Available : 1 Litre, 5 Litres, 50 Litres & 200 Litres

banana-sucker-shoot banana-sucker-control_

 

Amino Acids

lotusexport=amino_acid

Amino Acid- Protein Hydrolysate : It is widely used as base fertilizer in all kinds of agricultural crops. It contains seventeen free L-amino acids including 6 kinds of necessary amino acids such as L-Threonine, L-Valine,L-Methionine, L-Isoleucine, L-Pheinylalanine and L-Lysine,which are 15% of total amino acids;   6% of total are semi necessary amino acids(e. G. L-Arginine and L-Histidine). The content of total amino acids is about 40% to 80% depend on purity.   Advantage of Amino Acids in Agriculture:-

  • Improve absorption through the roots
  • Increase crop resistance to adverse condition ( drought, frost, salinity, hail, disease)
  • Improve flavour, colour, firmness and preservation of fruit
  • Help the plant to produce its own protein easier, saving energy required to produce amino acids to benefit formation of the proteins and plant cells.

Protein Hydrolysate (Amino Acid mixture) are the basic building blocks of living cells. Proteins are formed by sequence of amino acids. The amino acids are organic substances consisting of an asymmetric carbon to which are bounded an amino group(-NH2),a carboxylic group (-COOH) & two characteristics radicals of each amino acid (R & R”) Although there are number of amino acids from the agricultural point of view alpha amino acids are of great interest. Plants synthesize amino acids from primary elements, carbon & oxygen obtained from atmosphere & hydrogen from water in the soil, forming carbon hydrates by means of photosynthesis and combining it with the nitrogen which plants obtain from soil thus producing amino acids. Plants absorb nitrogen through its roots in the form of nitrate small percentage in the form of ammonia which become nitrite & then ammonia.   The ammonia reacts with biochemical cellular compounds giving rise to glutamic acid & aspartic acid. Amino acids which through transmission gives rise to the other amino acids .By means of activating enzymes specific to each amino acid the process of protein synthesis begins in the cellular protoplasm. The process of synthesis of amino acids from nitrate obtained from the soil requires a great amount of energy. If there is a deficiency of nitrogen in the soil due to poor nitrification or if the conditions of stress are present such as drought, frost, pest attack it makes the process difficult causing serious prejudicial effect on the yield. This can be allivated by applying Amino Acids directly to cells i.e. through foliar spraying. Our Amino Acid Mixture is available in powder as well as liquid form & used in number of agricultural formulation like Zyme, Biostim, Amino acid base Micro nutrient Chelates, & other plant growth promoter (PGR) formulations as a organic source of nitrogen.  

Mineral – Amino Acid Complex: – like Zn, Mn, Fe, Cu, Mg,& B & in Combination For Spray & Soil Application.   The amino acids (Protein) provide organic nitrogen along with minerals in complex form which is actively absorb & utilized by plant. Plants absorb the amino acids (Hydrolysed Protein) along with mineral ions quickly & easily. Digested protein s has a chelating effect on minerals. When applied together with minerals, the absorption and transportation of minerals inside the plant is easier. This effect is due to the chelating action and to the effect of cell membrane permeability. L – Glycine & L – Glutamic acid are known to be very effective chelating agents. This is present in Organic Mineral Amino Acid complex  formulation. The Hydrolysed Protein plays active role in respiratory function. The Hydrolysed Protein Mineral Complex contain all essential amino acids & minerals, which are precursors of Phytohormones & other growth substances & accelerate the Metabolic, & Physiological activity of plant. The application of Protein, Metal Complex before, during and after the stress conditions supplies the plants with Amino Acids & Minerals which are directly related to stress physiology and thus has a preventing and recovering effect. The Hydrolysed Protein – Mineral Complex helps to boost up energy metabolism in the plant.

Benefits: Mineral – Amino Acid Complex is a readymade & easily available source of nutrition. It helps in pollination & fruit formation. Increases chlorophyll concentration & boosts the photosynthesis activity. It has a high percentage of biological value & nutritive value. No inorganic nitrogen is present. Excess dose is non-toxic as it is organic source. The rate of absorption of these Complexes of Amino Acids is found to be many times faster than ordinary salts of Minerals. These Complexes also meet amino acid requirements of plant. It is available in combination (Amino Acid with all mineral) as well as individual complex in bulk.

Area of application other than Agriculture: –   As Mentioned above and same is applicable to all other uses i.e. amino acid are building blocks of the all leaving substances, hence it can be widely use in the nutritional supplements in formulation of  Animal feed , aqua feed , Food preparation for human body  and as food for bacteria in fermentation industries.   Our process of Producing amino acid is enzyme hydrolysis, which only produces L-amino acids , which are having following merits over other process.

AMINO ACIDS  OBTAINED BY ENZYME HYDROLYSIS.
1CONSISTS OF TWENTY AMINO ACIDS.
2ALL AMINO ACIDS ARE IN L FORM (NATURAL FORM) & ARE ABSORBED QUICKLY & EASILY BY PLANTS.
3NO CYCLIZATION OF GLUTAMINE WHICH IS IMPORTANT FOR ENERGY METABOLISM.
4NO DESTRUCTION OF ASPARGINE WHICH HAS ACTIVE ROLE IN RESPIRATORY FUNCTION.
5TRYPTOPHAN WHICH IS STARTING MATERIAL FOR SYNTHESIS OF AUXIN IS AVAILABLE IN L FORM.
6SERINE & THREONINE ARE FREE & IN L FORM.
7ASPARTIC ACID & GLUTAMIC ACID WHICH ARE VERY IMPORTANT AMINO ACIDS ARE AVAILABLE IN FREE L FORM FOR EASY ABSORPTION.
8AMIDE NITROGEN IS NOT FORMED.
Amino Acid TechnicalPacking available
Amino Acid Powder – 90% 1Kg, 5Kg, 25Kg Papper bag
Amino Acid Powder – 80% 1Kg, 5Kg, 25Kg Papper bag
Amino Acid Powder – 60% 1Kg, 5Kg, 25Kg Papper bag
Amino Acid Liquid  – 40%500ml, 1Litre, 200Kg.
Amino Acid Liquid  – 30%500ml, 1Litre, 200Kg.
Amino Acid Liquid  – 20%500ml, 1Litre, 200Kg.

 

Banana Suckericides

banana-suckericide

Banana Suckericide, Side Shoots remover, Sucker Controller

banana-farm-lotusexport

 

MUSA-8 de-suckering agent offered by us is an exclusive range of Banana Suckericide. Our range has contact type suckericide, which is made from natural fatty alcohols to eliminate suckers arising from the base of banana plants. Application of MUSA-8 suckericide eliminates banana base suckers within 5-10 days and improves quality and quantity of banana fruit.

 

On application of MUSA-8 suckericide labour cost is decreased and development of banana increases gradually. Yield of banana fruit increases by 25% – 35%

How to Apply

Keeping too many sucking plants will reduce yields. It is advisable to remove all suckers once the desired followers have been selected.
Firstly cut the unwanted suckers / side shoots near the mother plant 4” above the field level horizontally. After 30 minutes pierce the central part of the sucker with a knife and remove it gently to hold just 2 drops of MUSA-8 suckericide at the top. The treated suckers turns into brown/black in colour and in a few days suckers will be no more in existence.
 

Packing Available : 1 Litre, 5 Litres, 50 Litres & 200 Litres

 

banana-sucker-shoot banana-sucker-control_

 

 

Videos

suckericide, sucker controller, tobacco suckericide, suckericide, tobacco plant growth, improves quality of tobacco
suckericide, sucker controller, tobacco suckericide, suckericide, tobacco plant growth, improves quality of tobacco




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Tobacco Sucker Control

 

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tobacco suckericide

AXE-11 liquid de-suckering agent is a contact type suckericide made from natural fattly
alcohols to control suckers in tobacco crops. Application of AXE-11 liquid suckericide
improves quality and quantity of tobacco crop. On application of AXE-11 liquid suckericide
labour cost is decreased and yield of tobacco increases by 25% – 35%.
AXE-11 will not leave any residues on the crop.

Note : Topping stage is of importance for yield production in tobacco to improve plant growth, leaf size development, improved quantity and quality. Moreover, application of AXE – 11 suckericide in early button stage can control suckers better than flowering stage.

How to apply:

1 litre AXE-11 liquid de-suckering agent should be mixed with 20 litres water (1:20) Mix thoroughly to form uniform mixture. Apply the solution using an applicator after topping from top to bottom in clear weather between 10.00am to 4.00pm

AXE-11 liquid de-suckering agent shall be applied on requirement.

 

Packing Available in 2.5 litre HDPE jerry can

 

 

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Boron Deficiency

Boron deficiency

 

 

 

Boron (B) exists primarily in soil solutions as the BO33- anion — the form commonly taken up by plants. One of the most important micronutrients affecting membrane stability, B supports the structural and functional integrity of plant cell membranes. Interestingly, while higher plants require B, animals, fungi and microorganisms don’t.

Micronutrients like Boron (B) are as important as the primary and secondary nutrients in plant nutrition. However, the amounts of micronutrients required for optimum nutrition are much lower. Micronutrient deficiencies are widespread because of increased nutrient demands from the more intensive cropping practices.

A primary function of B relates to cell wall formation, so B-deficient plants may be stunted. Sugar transport in plants, flower retention, and pollen formation and germination also are affected by B. Seed and grain production are reduced with low B supply. Boron-deficiency symptoms first appear at the growing points. This results in a stunted appearance (rosetting); barren ears due to poor pollination; hollow stems and fruit (hollow heart); brittle, discolored leaves, and loss of fruiting bodies. Boron deficiencies mainly occur in acidic, sandy soils in regions of high rainfall and in those with low soil organic matter. Borate ions are mobile in soil and can leach from the root zone. Boron deficiencies are more pronounced during drought periods, when root activity is restricted.

Recommended application rates of B are rather low (0.5 to 2 pounds per acres), but growers should follow them carefully, since the range between B deficiency and toxicity in most plants is narrow. Uniform application of B in the field is very important for that reason.

Soil tests and plant analyses make excellent diagnostic tools to monitor the micronutrient status of soils and crops. Helpfully, deficiency symptoms of these nutrients are highly visible in most economic crops, so growers can readily identify them and begin managing the problem. Micronutrient recommendations are based on soil and plant tissue analyses, the type of crop and expected yield, management level, and research results.

Include soil tests in B fertilization programs, first to assess the level of available B and later to determine possible residual effects (buildup). The most common soil test for B is the hot-water-soluble test. This test is more difficult to conduct than most other micronutrient soil tests, but most B-response data have been correlated with it.

 

Symptoms of deficiency can vary across crop species, but similarities exist for how nutrient insufficiency impacts plant tissue color and appearance. Nutrient deficiencies are commonly associated with the physical location on the plant
(i.e., whether the symptoms are primarily observed on older versus newly formed plant tissue), but these symptoms can spread as the severity of the deficiency progresses.


suckericide, sucker controller, tobacco suckericide, suckericide, tobacco plant growth, improves quality of tobacco 8 Aug

news

 

suckericide_tobacco

suckericide

In the news from : LOTUS EXPORT.

We at Lotus Export manufacturer, export & supply tobacco suckericide, suckericide, suckericides, tobacco sucker control, tobacco sucker & tobacco leaf weight and quality enhancer

AXE-11 liquid de-suckering agent is a contact type suckericide made from natural fattly

alcohols to control suckers in tobacco crops. Application of AXE-11 liquid suckericide

improves quality and quantity of tobacco crop. On application of AXE-11 liquid suckericide

labour cost is decreased and yield of tobacco increases by 25% – 35%.

AXE-11 will not leave any residues on the crop.

 

Note : 
Topping stage is of importance for yield production in tobacco to improve plant growth, leaf size development, improved quantity and quality. Moreover, application of AXE – 11 suckericide in early button stage can control suckers better than flowering stage.

How to apply :

1 litre AXE-11 liquid de-suckering agent should be mixed with 20 litres water (1:20) Mix

thoroughly to form uniform mixture.

Apply the solution using an applicator after topping from top to bottom in clear weather

between 10.00am to 4.00pm

AXE-11 liquid de-suckering agent shall be applied on requirement.

 

Packing Available in 2.5 litre HDPE jerry can

 

suckericide

sucker

tobacco suckericide

 


16 ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS IN CROP DEVELOPMENT

Sixteen plant food nutrients are essential for proper crop development. Each is equally important to the plant, yet each is required in vastly different amounts. These differences have led to the grouping of these essential elements into three categories; primary (macro) nutrients, secondary nutrients, and micronutrients.

PRIMARY (MACRO) NUTRIENTS

Primary (macro) nutrients are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. They are the most frequently required in a crop fertilization program. Also, they are need in the greatest total quantity by plants as fertilizer.

NITROGEN

  • Necessary for formation of amino acids, the building blocks of protein
    · Essential for plant cell division, vital for plant growth
    · Directly involved in photosynthesis
    · Necessary component of vitamins
    · Aids in production and use of carbohydrates
    · Affects energy reactions in the plant

PHOSPHORUS

  • Involved in photosynthesis, respiration, energy storage and transfer, cell division, and enlargement
    · Promotes early root formation and growth
    · Improves quality of fruits, vegetables, and grains
    · Vital to seed formation
    · Helps plants survive harsh winter conditions
    · Increases water-use efficiency
    · Hastens maturity

POTASSIUM
· Carbohydrate metabolism and the break down and translocation of starches
· Increases photosynthesis
· Increases water-use efficiency
· Essential to protein synthesis
· Important in fruit formation
· Activates enzymes and controls their reaction rates
· Improves quality of seeds and fruit
· Improves winter hardiness
· Increases disease resistance

SECONDARY NUTRIENTS
The secondary nutrients are calcium, magnesium, and sulphur. For most crops, these three are needed in lesser amounts that the primary nutrients. They are growing in importance in crop fertilization programs due to more stringent clean air standards and efforts to improve the environment.

CALCIUM
· Utilized for Continuous cell division and formation
· Involved in nitrogen metabolism
· Reduces plant respiration
· Aids translocation of photosynthesis from leaves to fruiting organs
· Increases fruit set
· Essential for nut development in peanuts
· Stimulates microbial activity

MAGNESIUM
· Key element of chlorophyll production
· Improves utilization and mobility of phosphorus
· Activator and component of many plant enzymes
· Directly related to grass tetany
· Increases iron utilization in plants
· Influences earliness and uniformity of maturity

SULPHUR
· Integral part of amino acids
· Helps develop enzymes and vitamins
· Promotes nodule formation on legumes
· Aids in seed production
· Necessary in chlorophyll formation (though it isn’t one of the constituents)

MICRONUTRIENTS

The micronutrients are boron, chlorine, cooper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, and zinc. These plant food elements are used in very small amounts, but they are just as important to plant development and profitable crop production as the major nutrients. Especially, they work “behind the scene” as activators of many plant functions.

BORON

  • Essential of germination of pollon grains and growth of pollen tubes
    · Essential for seed and cell wall formation
    · Promotes maturity
    · Necessary for su